Nanoparticles: Structure, properties, preparation and behaviour in environmental media

P. Christian, F. Von Der Kammer, M. Baalousha, Th Hofmann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    There is increasing interest and need to develop a deeper understanding of the nature, fate and behaviour of nanoparticles in the environment. This is driven by the increased use of engineered nanoparticles and the increased pressure to commercialise this growing technology. In this review we discuss the key properties of nanoparticles and their preparation and then discuss how these factors can play a role in determining their fate and behaviour in the natural environment. Key focus of the discussion will relate to the surface chemistry of the nanoparticle, which may interact with a range of molecules naturally present in surface waters and sediments. Understanding these factors is a core goal required for understanding the final fate of nanomaterials and predicting which organisms are likely to be exposed to these materials. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)326-343
    Number of pages17
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


    • Behaviour
    • Fate
    • Nanoparticle
    • Surface
    • Synthesis


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