Native chick laminin-4 containing the β2 chain (s-laminin) promotes motor axon growth

Ralph Brandenberger, Richard A. Kammerer, Jürgen Engel, Matthias Chiquet

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    After denervation of muscle, motor axons reinnervate original synaptic sites. A recombinant fragment of the synapse specific laminin β2 chain (s- laminin) was reported to inhibit motor axon growth. Consequently, a specific sequence (leucine-arginine-glutamate, LRE) of the laminin β2 chain was proposed to act as a stop signal and to mediate specific reinnervation at the neuromuscular junction (Porter, B.E., J. Weis, and J.R. Sanes. 1995. Neuron. 14:549-559). We demonstrate here that native chick laminin-4, which contains the β2 chain and is present in the synaptic basement membrane, does not inhibit but rather promotes motor axon growth. In native heterotrimeric laminin, the LRE sequence of the β2 chain is found in a triple coiled-coil region that is formed by all three subunits. We show here that the effect of LRE depends on the structural context. Whereas a recombinant randomly coiled LRE peptide indeed inhibited outgrowth by chick motoneurons, a small recombinant triple coiled- coil protein containing this sequence did not.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1583-1592
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Cell Biology
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1996


    Dive into the research topics of 'Native chick laminin-4 containing the β2 chain (s-laminin) promotes motor axon growth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this