Nebulised N-Acetylcysteine for Unresponsive Bronchial Obstruction in Allergic Brochopulmonary Aspergillosis: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

Akaninyene Otu, Philip Langridge, David Denning

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Many chronic lung diseases are characterized by the hypersecretion of mucus. In these conditions, the administration of mucoactive agents is often indicated as adjuvant therapy. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a typical example of a mucolytic agent. A retrospective review of patients with pulmonary aspergillosis treated at the National Aspergillosis Centre in Manchester, United Kingdom, with NAC between November 2015 and November 2017 was carried out. Six Caucasians with Aspergillus lung disease received NAC to facilitate clearance of their viscid bronchial mucus secretions. One patient developed immediate bronchospasm on the first dose and could not be treated. Of the remainder, two (33%) derived benefit, with increased expectoration and reduced symptoms. Continued response was sustained over 6–7 months, without any apparent toxicity. In addition, a systematic review of the literature is provided to analyze the utility of NAC in the management of respiratory conditions which have unresponsive bronchial obstruction as a feature.
Original languageUndefined
JournalJournal of Fungi
Early online date15 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

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