Neuregulin1 administration increases axonal elongation in dissociated primary sensory neuron cultures.

Chiara Audisio, Cristina Mantovani, Stefania Raimondo, Stefano Geuna, Isabelle Perroteau, Giorgio Terenghi

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    Neuregulin1 is a family of growth and differentiation factors involved in various functions of both peripheral and central nervous system including the regenerative processes that underlie regeneration of damaged peripheral nerves. In the present study we tested in vitro the effect of Neuregulin1 administration on dissociated rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG). Activity of neuregulin1 was compared to the activity of nerve growth factor in the same in vitro experimental model. Results showed that neurite outgrowth is enhanced by the addition of both neuregulin1 and nerve growth factor to the culture medium. While neuregulin1 was responsible for the growth of longer neurites, DRG neurons incubated with nerve growth factor showed shorter and more branched axons. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay we also showed that the release of nerve growth factor, but not of brain derived neurotrophic factor is improved in DRG neuron treated with neuregulin1. On the other hand, the assay with growth factor blocking antibody, showed that effects exerted by neuregulin1 on neurite outgrowth is only partially due to the release of nerve growth factor. Taken together the results of this study provide a better understanding on the role of neuregulin1 in sensory neurons.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)570-577
    Number of pages7
    JournalExperimental Cell Research
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2012


    • Axonal regeneration
    • Dorsal root ganglia
    • Nerve growth factor
    • Neuregulin 1
    • Neurite outgrowth
    • Schwann cell


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