Neuropsychiatric symptoms in parkinsons disease with mild cognitive impairment and dementia

Iracema Leroi, Hiranmayi Pantula, Kathryn McDonald, Vijay Harbishettar

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    Neuropsychiatric symptoms commonly complicate Parkinson's disease (PD), however the presence of such symptoms in mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) specifically has not yet been well described. The objective of this study was to examine and compare the prevalence and profile of neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with PD-MCI (n = 48) to those with PD and no cognitive impairment (PD-NC, n = 54) and to those with dementia in PD (PDD, n = 25). PD-MCI and PDD were defined using specific consensus criteria, and neuropsychiatric symptoms were assessed with the 12-item Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). Self-rated apathy, depression, and anxiety rating scales were also administered. Over 79 of all participants reported at least one neuropsychiatric symptom in the past month. The proportion in each group who had total NPI scores of ≥4 (clinically significant) was as follows: PD-NC, 64.8; PD-MCI, 62; PDD 76. Apathy was reported in almost 50 of those with PD-MCI and PDD, and it was an important neuropsychiatric symptom differentiating PD-MCI from PD-NC. Psychosis (hallucinations and delusions) increased from 12.9 in PD-NC group; 16.7 in PD-MCI group; and 48 in PDD group. Identifying neuropsychiatric symptoms in PD-MCI may have implications for ascertaining conversion to dementia in PD. © 2012 Iracema Leroi et al.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number308097
    JournalParkinson's Disease
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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