New aerosol particle formation in different synoptic situations at Hyytiälä, Southern Finland

Larisa Sogacheva, L. Saukkonen, E. D. Nilsson, M. Dal Maso, David M. Schultz, G. De Leeuw, M. Kulmala

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    Abstract

    We examine the meteorological conditions favourable for new particle formation as a contribution to clarifying the responsible processes. Synoptic weather maps and satellite images over Southern Finland for 2003-2005 were examined, focusing mainly on air mass types, atmospheric frontal passages, and cloudiness. Arctic air masses are most favourable for new aerosol particle formation in the boreal forest. New particle formation tends to occur on days after passage of a cold front and on days without frontal passages. Cloudiness, often associated with frontal passages, decreases the amount of solar radiation, reducing the growth of new particles. When cloud cover exceeds 3-4 octas, particle formation proceeds at a slower rate or does not occur at all. During 2003-2005, the conditions that favour particle formation at Hyytiälä (Arctic air mass, post-cold-frontal passage or no frontal passage and cloudiness less than 3-4 octas) occur on 198 d. On 105 (57%) of those days, new particle formation occurred, indicating that these meteorological conditions alone can favour, but are not sufficient for, new particle formation and growth. In contrast, 53 d (28%) were classified as undefined days; 30 d (15%) were non-event days, where no evidence of increasing particle concentration and growth has been noticed. © 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Munksgaard.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)485-494
    Number of pages9
    JournalTellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
    Volume60
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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