New dynamic model, laboratory testing and features of long arc in free air

V. V. Terzija, H. J. Koglin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In this paper the long arc in free air is investigated. First, arc is initiated under laboratory conditions in the high power test laboratory FGH-Mannheim (Germany). Based on the laboratory obtained data records, the main features of arc are derived. By this arc, voltage and current are processed. An important feature of arc, the variation of arc length, is analyzed. Based on the analysis of arc voltage and current wave forms, the new dynamic arc model, taking into account the arc length variation, is derived. Arc is modeled as a current dependent voltage source with the characteristic distorted rectangular wave-form and arc length dependent amplitude. Arc is considered as a source of higher harmonics distorting by this other signals in the network. An example of arc computer simulation using the new model is given. The main features of simulated arc are presented, too. Features of both the real and the simulated arc are given in the time and the spectral domains.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)193-201
    Number of pages8
    JournalElectrical Engineering: Archiv fuer Elektrotechnik
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


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