New risks inadequately managed: the case of smart implants and medical device regulation

Shawn HE Harmon, Gill Haddow, Leah Gilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many emerging technologies are associated with ‘risk’. While the concept of risk is protean, it is usually conceived of as the potential of something damaging or harmful happening. Thus, risks are a primary target of many regulatory regimes. In this article, after articulating an understanding of risk, we assess the European medical devices regulatory regime from a risk perspective, focusing on its handling of ‘smart’ implantable medical devices. In doing so, we discuss the empirical evidence obtained from expert participants in the Implantable Smart Technologies Project, which evidence is framed around three risk typologies: materiality, geography and modality. We conclude that none of these risks are sufficiently addressed within the existing regime, which falls down not just from a standards perspective, but also from the perspective of transparency and balance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-252
Number of pages22
JournalLaw, Innovation and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2015


  • Risk
  • Emerging technologies
  • Medical devices
  • European Union
  • Implantable Smart Technologies Project


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