NMR studies of interfaces, strain and anisotropy in Co/Cu multilayers

T. Thomson, P. C. Riedi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    59Co NMR studies of multilayers are able to give three direct pieces of information: (i) the crystal phase of Co, fcc (217.4 MHz), hcp (220-228 MHz) and in exotic cases bcc (198 MHz) for films measured at T = 4.2 K, (ii) the nature of the interfaces from low frequency satellite lines, and (iii) the strain state deduced from small changes in the line positions. Extensive studies of Co/Cu multilayer interfacial structures as a function of deposition technique, layer thickness, substrate/buffer layer structure and annealing temperature have been undertaken. This work has shed new light on the relationship between interfacial structure and magnetoresistance and in particular has demonstrated that flat, atomic scale, interfaces lead to greater magnetoresistance. The difference between the Co and Cu lattice constant results in an extensive, tensile in-plane strain developing in Co layers provided that some epitaxial registry is present. Information on strain effects can be obtained from the position and width of the NMR lines. The magnetic anisotropy field can be determined by measuring the field dependence of the enhancement effect due to electronic magnetisation. This provides unique insight into the distribution of magnetic anisotropy within the Co layers, as the enhancement can be investigated independently for each NMR line and, hence, provides environment specific information on magnetic anisotropy at the interfaces and in the interior of the layers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)23-30
    Number of pages7
    JournalHyperfine Interactions
    Issue number1-8
    Publication statusPublished - 1999


    • 59Co
    • Anisotropy
    • Co/Cu
    • Multilayers
    • NMR


    Dive into the research topics of 'NMR studies of interfaces, strain and anisotropy in Co/Cu multilayers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this