Noradrenaline-induced paxillin phosphorylation, ERK activation and MEK-regulated contraction in intact rat mesenteric arteries

Donald T. Ward, Angela C. Alder, Jacqueline Ohanian, Vasken Ohanian

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In rat mesenteric arteries, noradrenaline (NA) induces a time-dependent increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of proteins, one of which was identified as paxillin. NA-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation was ablated by tyrosine kinase inhibition, virtually unaffected by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibition or PKC downregulation and was mimicked by KCl. NA also caused a time-dependent activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1 and ERK2. These responses were blocked by the ERK-activating kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 and by tyrosine kinase inhibition but only modestly attenuated by PKC downregulation or inhibition. Pretreatment of cannulated mesenteric arteries (50 mm Hg internal pressure) with PD98059 significantly reduced the contractile responsiveness of the vessels to NA (1.56 ± 0.14 μM, EC50 control; 3.32 ± 0.49 μM, EC50 + PD98059, p <0.01). Thus, NA induces time-dependent increases in protein-tyrosine phosphorylation and ERK activation in rat mesenteric arteries that could suggest a role for Ca2+-dependent non-receptor tyrosine kinases and ERKs in the response of small arteries to NA. In addition, the modulation of NA-induced mesenteric artery contraction by inhibition of the MEK/ERK pathway further implicates ERK in the regulation of, though perhaps not the mediation of NA-induced small artery contraction. Copyright © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-11
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Vascular Research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


    • Contraction
    • ERK
    • Mesenteric arteries
    • Noradrenaline
    • Tyrosine phosphorylation


    Dive into the research topics of 'Noradrenaline-induced paxillin phosphorylation, ERK activation and MEK-regulated contraction in intact rat mesenteric arteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this