Novel bioresorbable and bioactive composites based on bioactive glass and polylactide foams for bone tissue engineering

J. A. Roether, J. E. Gough, A. R. Boccaccini, L. L. Hench, V. Maquet, R. Jérôme

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Bioresorbable and bioactive tissue engineering scaffolds based on bioactive glass (45S5 Bioglass®) particles and macroporous poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA) foams were fabricated. A slurry dipping technique in conjunction with pretreatment in ethanol was used to achieve reproducible and well adhering bioactive glass coatings of uniform thickness on the internal and external surfaces of the foams. In vitro studies in simulated body fluid (SBF) demonstrated rapid hydroxyapatite (HA) formation on the surface of the composites, indicating their bioactivity. For comparison, composite foams containing Bioglass® particles as filler for the polymer matrix (in concentration of up to 40 wt %) were prepared by freeze-drying, enabling homogenous glass particle distribution in the polymer matrix. The formation of HA on the composite surfaces after immersion in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) was investigated to confirm the bioactivity of the composites. Human osteoblasts (HOBs) were seeded onto as-fabricated PDLLA foams and onto PDLLA foams coated with Bioglass® particles to determine early cell attachment and spreading. Cells were observed to attach and spread on all surfaces after the first 90 min in culture. The results of this study indicate that the fabricated composite materials have ootential as scaffolds for guided bone regeneration. © 2002 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1207-1214
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
    Volume13
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2002

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