NOx formation in the plasma treatment of halomethanes

Alice M. Harling, J. Christopher Whitehead, Kui Zhang

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    A nonthermal, atmospheric pressure plasma, made-up of a BaTiO3 packed-bed reactor, has been used to study the formation of NOx and N2O during the plasma destruction of a range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and hazardous air pollutants, including chlorinated, brominated, fluorinated, and iodinated methane species, in a carrier gas of air. Using the plasma destruction of pure air as a baseline, it is found that the amount of NOx formed is unaffected by the addition of a few hundred parts per million of a simple hydrocarbon (e.g. methane). In the case of the fluorinated, chlorinated, and brominated methanes, we find enhanced production of NOx and a marked increase in the ratio of NO2 to NO formed, from ∼1.1 in air and methane to ∼2.3 in halogenated species. However, iodinated additives (specifically methyl iodide and diiodomethane) have remarkably different results compared to the other halogenated additives; they show enhanced increases in the NO2 to NO ratio (∼6-13) and reduced NOx production. The enhanced conversion of NO to NO 2 is attributed to reactions involving halogen oxides, e.g. ClO and IO. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)11255-11260
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
    Issue number49
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2005


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