Numerical analysis of the effects of non-conventional laser beam geometries during laser melting of metallic materials

Shakeel Safdar, Lin Li, M. A. Sheikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Laser melting is an important industrial activity encountered in a variety of laser manufacturing processes, e.g. selective laser melting, welding, brazing, soldering, glazing, surface alloying, cladding etc. The majority of these processes are carried out by using either circular or rectangular beams. At present, the melt pool characteristics such as melt pool geometry, thermal gradients and cooling rate are controlled by the variation of laser power, spot size or scanning speed. However, the variations in these parameters are often limited by other processing conditions. Although different laser beam modes and intensity distributions have been studied to improve the process, no other laser beam geometries have been investigated. The effect of laser beam geometry on the laser melting process has received very little attention. This paper presents an investigation of the effects of different beam geometries including circular, rectangular and diamond shapes on laser melting of metallic materials. The finite volume method has been used to simulate the transient effects of a moving beam for laser melting of mild steel (EN-43A) taking into account Marangoni and buoyancy convection. The temperature distribution, melt pool geometry, fluid flow velocities and heating/cooling rates have been calculated. Some of the results have been compared with the experimental data. © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number039
Pages (from-to)593-603
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2007


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