Off-farm labour allocation decisions in small-scale rural households in Zimbabwe

Innocent Matshe, Trevor Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The double hurdle model is used to analyse the off-farm labour decisions of small-scale agricultural household members in the Shamva District of Zimbabwe. The approach permits the joint modelling of the decision to participate in the labour market and the decision regarding the amount of time allocated to work. Results indicate that a number of variables (notably, gender, education and assets) indeed have effects which are qualitatively and quantitatively different in terms of participation and hours worked. Overall, the empirical analysis confirms the importance of individual characteristics (such as gender and education) and household/farm characteristics (e.g. land area accessible to the household, productive assets, remittances and the agricultural terms of trade) in influencing the labour market decisions of rural household members. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-186
Number of pages11
JournalAgricultural Economics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2004


  • C24
  • Double hurdle model
  • J22
  • Off-farm labour supply
  • Q12
  • Zimbabwe


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