Off-resonance binomial composite pulses in 2D and 3D fat/water imaging at 0.5 T

X. P. Zhu, C. E. Hutchinson, P. B. Chilvers, G. A. Morris, J. M. Hawnaur, C. J. Taylor

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    A new method of acquiring two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) fat/water decomposed images on a 0.5 T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging system is described. The method uses a gradient-recalled echo (GRE) sequence incorporating a composite 12̄1 pulse, originally used for magnetization transfer contrast (MTC) experiments, for frequency-selective pre-saturation. By applying the 12̄1 pulse off resonance, a sharp discrimination between the chemically shifted water and fat signals may be obtained using a composite pulse as short as 4 ms. Phantom studies demonstrate that suppression ratios as high as 50:1 are achievable. The new method has been applied to volunteers and patients, and good fat/water images of limb, abdomen, head and neck obtained. The new method can be incorporated into ether pulse sequences related to GRE, such as phase contrast (PC) and time-of-flight (TOF), and represents the first practical (i.e. rapid) method for 3D fat/water imaging at an operating field as low as 0.5 T.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)134-140
    Number of pages6
    JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
    Issue number806
    Publication statusPublished - 1995


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