On the origin of LS 5039 and PSR J1825-1446

J. Moldón, M. Ribó, J. M. Paredes, W. Brisken, V. Dhawan, M. Kramer, A. G. Lyne, B. W. Stappers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Context. The gamma-ray binary LS 5039 and the isolated pulsar PSR J1825-1446 were proposed to have been formed in the supernova remnant (SNR) G016.8-01.1. Aims. We aim to obtain the Galactic trajectory of LS 5039 and PSR J1825-1446 to find their origin in the Galaxy, and in particular to check their association with SNR G016.8-01.1 to restrict their age. Methods. By means of radio and optical observations we obtained the proper motion and the space velocity of the sources. Results. The proper motion of PSR J1825-1446 corresponds to a transverse space velocity of 690 km s -1 at a distance of 5 kpc. Its Galactic velocity at different distances is not compatible with the expected Galactic rotation. The velocity and characteristic age of PSR J1825-1446 make it incompatible with SNR G016.8-01.1. There are no clear OB associations or SNRs crossing the past trajectory of PSR J1825-1446. We estimate the age of the pulsar to be 80-245 kyr, which is compatible with its characteristic age. The proper motion of LS 5039 is μ αcosδ = 7.09 and μ δ =-8.82 mas yr -1. The association of LS 5039 with SNR G016.8-01.1 is unlikely, although we cannot discard it. The system would have had to be formed in the association Ser OB2 (at 2.0 kpc) if the age of the system is 1.0-1.2 Myr, or in the association Sct OB3 (distance 1.5-2 kpc) for an age of 0.1-0.2 Myr. If the system were not formed close to Ser OB2, the pseudo-synchronization of the orbit would be unlikely. Conclusions. PSR J1825-1446 is a high-velocity isolated pulsar ejected from the Galaxy. The distance to LS 5039, which needs to be constrained by future astrometric missions such as Gaia, is a key parameter for restricting its origin and age. © 2012 ESO.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberA26
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Gamma rays: stars
    • Proper motions
    • Pulsars: individual: PSR J1825-1446
    • Radio continuum: stars
    • Stars: individual: LS 5039
    • X-rays: binaries


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