On the unsteady interactions between a sweeping jet and afterbody vortices

Xiaodong Chen, Shan Zhong, Ozgun Ozer, Andrew Weightman, Guangjun Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, a sweeping jet was applied to control the afterbody vortices behind a 30° slanted-base cylinder at a Reynolds number of 87 000. Phase-locked stereo particle image velocimetry measurements were conducted during a sweeping jet actuation cycle, and insights of the complex three-dimensional interaction process between the sweeping jet and the afterbody vortices have been obtained for the first time. It is found that in the near-field of the jet orifice (x/c < 0.3), the jet swings from side to side over the endplate between the afterbody vortex pair. An intersection between them around x/c = 0.3 causes the sweeping jet to take on a zigzag pattern as it propagates downstream along the slanted surface. From x/c = 0.6 onwards, the intensity of this interaction decreases as the afterbody vortices become detached from the base. Nevertheless, the sweeping jet continues invading the afterbody vortices from their inner side and pushes its way outwards from the underside of the afterbody vortices causing them to weaken further. Furthermore, the interaction between sweeping jets and afterbody vortices results in a cyclic variation in the circulation of afterbody vortices, which increases in magnitude at downstream locations. Except for the phases where a merger between the afterbody vortex and the sweeping occurs, a reduction in the circulation is observed. Finally, the level of interaction between sweeping jets and afterbody vortices intensifies as the strength of the sweeping jet increases resulting in the afterbody vortices being penetrated by the sweeping jet and their regular shape being momentarily destroyed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105153
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2023


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