We prove that for every proper Hamiltonian action of a Lie group G in .nite dimensions the momentum map is locally G-open relative to its image (i.e. images of G-invariant open sets are open). As an application we deduce that in a Hamiltonian system with continuous Hamiltonian symmetries, extremal relative equilibria persist for every perturbation of the value of the momentum map, provided the isotropy subgroup of this value is compact. We also demonstrate how this persistence result applies to an example of ellipsoidal fugures of rotating fluid. We also provide an example with plane point vortices which shows how the compactness assumption is related to persistence. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Momentum maps
- Relative equilibria
- Symmetric Hamiltonian systems
- Symplectic geometry