Baclofen (a GABAB agonist) stimulates body temperature, metabolic rate and brown adipose tissue (BAT) in the rat through a central action, but no effects of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) itself on these parameters were observed. In the present study, it was found that the central effects of (±)baclofen (0.5-2.0 μg injection i.c.v.) on the temperature (1.2°C increase) and metabolic rate (44-76% increase) of brown adipose tissue were inhibited by previous treatment with the GABAA agonist, muscimol (0.05 μg). Injection of GABA alone (12 μg) did not significantly affect these parameters, but in the presence of the GABAA antagonist bicuculline (2.5 μg), GABA significantly increased the temperature (0.3°C) and oxygen consumption (22%) of brown fat. (-)Baclofen was found to be approximately 50-times more effective in stimulating the temperature of brown adipose tissue than (±)baclofen. The results indicate that activation of central GABAA receptors stimulates the activity and hence metabolic rate of brown adipose tissue. However, activation of the GABAA receptors opposes the effects of GABAB stimulation on the thermogenesis of brown fat. © 1988.
- brown fat
- GABA receptors
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Manchester Institute of Biotechnology