Optimal radio window for the detection of Ultra-High Energy cosmic rays and neutrinos off the moon

O. Scholten, J. Bacelar, R. Braun, A. G. de Bruyn, H. Falcke, B. Stappers, R. G. Strom

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    When high-energy cosmic rays impinge on a dense dielectric medium, radio waves are produced through the Askaryan effect. We show that at wavelengths comparable to the length of the shower produced by an Ultra-High Energy cosmic ray or neutrino, radio signals are an extremely efficient way to detect these particles. Through an example it is shown that this new approach offers, for the first time, the realistic possibility of measuring UHE neutrino fluxes below the Waxman-Bahcall limit. It is shown that in only one month of observing with the upcoming LOFAR radio telescope, cosmic-ray events can be measured beyond the GZK-limit, at a sensitivity level of two orders of magnitude below the extrapolated values. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)219-229
    Number of pages10
    JournalAstroparticle Physics
    Volume26
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

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