Optimal specimen geometry in bonded-disk shrinkage-strain measurements on light-cured biomaterials

D. C. Watts, A. S. Marouf

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Objectives: The aim was to determine the effect on apparent shrinkage-strain values of varying specimen aspect ratio in the bonded-disk configuration. Thereby one source of possible inter-laboratory variation might be understood and eliminated. Methods: The bonded-disk procedure was followed and applied to three representative resin-composites. However, specimen sub-groups were examined, each of different diameters (3.5, 5.0, 7.0 and 9.0 mm), corresponding to C-factors in the range 0.45-7.0. Results: For each material, no statistically significant difference was apparent between data obtained with 7 and 9 mm diameter specimens. However, statistically significant reductions (p <0.05, Scheffé and SNK) were apparent at 5.0 and 3.5 mm diameter, in the range 14-18%of the maximum 'true' value. For each material, the diameter (d)-dependence of apparent shrinkage-strain (∈) was given by the curve fit expression: ∈ = A - Bld2. Significance: For accurate determination of maximum final equilibrium shrinkage-strain values, a high aspect ratio (7-9:1) of the bonded-disk should be utilised. This is important for accurate comparison of data from proposed low-shrinkage amalgam-replacement materials. © 2000 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)447-451
    Number of pages4
    JournalDental Materials
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000


    • Amalgam-replacement
    • Dental materials
    • Methodology
    • Polymerisation
    • Resin composite
    • Shrinkage-strain
    • Stress


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