Optimally designed reactive distillation processes for eco‐efficient production of ethyl levulinate

José Antonio Vázquez‐castillo, Gabriel Contreras‐zarazúa, Juan Gabriel Segovia‐hernández, Anton A. Kiss

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    Abstract

    Background
    Ethyl levulinate (EL) is an important chemical that can be used as a bio‐based replacement of fuel additives such as MTBE and TAME. The EL production from lactic acid and ethanol is a viable option, as both precursors can be obtained from biomass. But the problem of EL production by esterification is that this reaction is hindered by the chemical equilibrium limitations and the boiling points ranking which is not the most favorable.

    Results
    This study provides novel optimally designed reactive distillation (RD) processes for the production of EL, taking into account costs, environmental impact and safety. The thermally coupled RD process is the most appealing, with the lowest energy use (1.667 MJ/kg EL), minimal investment cost, major energy savings (up to 54.3% lower than other RD processes), reduced environmental impact (up to 51% lower ECO 99 index value) and similar safety as other RD processes considered (less than 2% differences in the IR indicator).

    Conclusion
    The multi‐objective optimization approach used here showed its robustness, practicality and flexibility to provide multiple optimal designs of intensified processes that are economically attractive, environmentally friendly, and inherently safe.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Chemistry Technology and Biotechnology
    Early online date10 Apr 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

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