Organic aerosol composition and sources in Pasadena, California, during the 2010 CalNex campaign

P. L. Hayes, A. M. Ortega, M. J. Cubison, K. D. Froyd, Y. Zhao, S. S. Cliff, W. W. Hu, D. W. Toohey, J. H. Flynn, B. L. Lefer, N. Grossberg, S. Alvarez, B. Rappenglück, J. W. Taylor, J. D. Allan, J. S. Holloway, J. B. Gilman, W. C. Kuster, J. A. De Gouw, P. MassoliX. Zhang, J. Liu, R. J. Weber, A. L. Corrigan, L. M. Russell, G. Isaacman, D. R. Worton, N. M. Kreisberg, A. H. Goldstein, R. Thalman, E. M. Waxman, R. Volkamer, Y. H. Lin, J. D. Surratt, T. E. Kleindienst, J. H. Offenberg, S. Dusanter, S. Griffith, P. S. Stevens, J. Brioude, W. M. Angevine, J. L. Jimenez

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Organic aerosols (OA) in Pasadena are characterized using multiple measurements from the California Research at the Nexus of Air Quality and Climate Change (CalNex) campaign. Five OA components are identified using positive matrix factorization including hydrocarbon-like OA (HOA) and two types of oxygenated OA (OOA). The Pasadena OA elemental composition when plotted as H:C versus O:C follows a line less steep than that observed for Riverside, CA. The OOA components from both locations follow a common line, however, indicating similar secondary organic aerosol (SOA) oxidation chemistry at the two sites such as fragmentation reactions leading to acid formation. In addition to the similar evolution of elemental composition, the dependence of SOA concentration on photochemical age displays quantitatively the same trends across several North American urban sites. First, the OA/ΔCO values for Pasadena increase with photochemical age exhibiting a slope identical to or slightly higher than those for Mexico City and the northeastern United States. Second, the ratios of OOA to odd-oxygen (a photochemical oxidation marker) for Pasadena, Mexico City, and Riverside are similar, suggesting a proportional relationship between SOA and odd-oxygen formation rates. Weekly cycles of the OA components are examined as well. HOA exhibits lower concentrations on Sundays versus weekdays, and the decrease in HOA matches that predicted for primary vehicle emissions using fuel sales data, traffic counts, and vehicle emission ratios. OOA does not display a weekly cycle - after accounting for differences in photochemical aging - which suggests the dominance of gasoline emissions in SOA formation under the assumption that most urban SOA precursors are from motor vehicles. © 2013. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. American Geophysical Union.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9233-9257
    Number of pages24
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
    Issue number16
    Publication statusPublished - 27 Aug 2013


    • organic aerosol
    • los angeles
    • calnex
    • positive matrix factorization
    • particulates
    • pasadena
    • los-angeles basin
    • coast air basin
    • fine-particle composition
    • city metropolitan-area
    • powered motor-vehicles
    • volatility basis-set
    • urban supersite t0
    • non-fossil carbon
    • new-york-city


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