ORIGIN OF SULFUR IN METAMORPHOSED STRATABOUND MINERALIZATION FROM THE ARGYLL GROUP DALRADIAN OF SCOTLAND

R A Scott, R A D Pattrick, D A Polya

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Sulphur isotopic data are presented for the four horizons of stratabound mineralisation in the Argyll Group Dalradian (Vendian) of the Central Highlands of Scotland. The styles of mineralisation reflect the stratigraphic and tectonic evolution of the Dalradian basin. The SEDEX-type Ba + (Zn + Pb) Loch Lyon Horizon has delta-S-34 values for pyrite of +17 parts per thousand and for baryte of +27 parts per thousand. The baryte sulphur source was Dalradian sea-water although the values were modified by isotopic exchange with an H2S-rich metamorphic fluid derived from the surrounding graphitic schists. The sulphur source for sulphide in the horizon was probably the underlying strata; sulphide values were only slightly affected by metamorphism. Sulphides in the Pyrite Horizon are isotopically indistinguishable from those in the remainder of the volcanogenic Ben Lawers Schist Formation (0 +/- 4 parts per thousand); these values suggest that, at least in the Tyndrum area, sulphides in the Pyrite Horizon are of igneous origin. VMS-type Cu + Zn + Pb mineralisation in the Ben Challum Quartzite Formation has a narrow range of values around +11 parts per thousand. The likely source of this sulphide sulphur is reduced sea-water sulphate, the isotopic values remaining consistent owing to the buffering effect of anhydrite in the underlying calcium-rich rocks.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)91-98
    Number of pages8
    JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh-Earth Sciences
    Volume82
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

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