Oscillatory Deficits in the Sub-Chronic PCP Rat Model for Schizophrenia Are Reversed by mGlu5 Receptor-Positive Allosteric Modulators VU0409551 and VU0360172

Jessica Brown, Ben Grayson, Joanna Neill, Michael Harte, Mark J. Wall, Richard T. Ngomba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The cognitive deficits of schizophrenia are linked to imbalanced excitatory and inhibitory signalling in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), disrupting gamma oscillations. We previously demonstrated that two mGlu5 receptor-positive allosteric modulators (PAMs), VU0409551 and VU0360172, restore cognitive deficits in the sub-chronic PCP (scPCP) rodent model for schizophrenia via distinct changes in PFC intracellular signalling molecules. Here, we have assessed ex vivo gamma oscillatory activity in PFC slices from scPCP rats and investigated the effects of VU0409551 and VU0360172 upon oscillatory power. mGlu5 receptor, protein kinase C (PKC), and phospholipase C (PLC) inhibition were also used to examine 'modulation bias' in PAM activity. The amplitude and area power of gamma oscillations were significantly diminished in the scPCP model. Slice incubation with either VU0409551 or VU0360172 rescued scPCP-induced oscillatory deficits in a concentration-dependent manner. MTEP blocked the PAM-induced restoration of oscillatory power, confirming the requirement of mGlu5 receptor modulation. Whilst PLC inhibition prevented the power increase mediated by both PAMs, PKC inhibition diminished the effects of VU0360172 but not VU0409551. This aligns with previous reports that VU0409551 exhibits preferential activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) signalling pathway over the PKC cascade. Restoration of the excitatory/inhibitory signalling balance and gamma oscillations may therefore underlie the mGluR5 PAM-mediated correction of scPCP-induced cognitive deficits.
Original languageEnglish
Article number919
JournalCells
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • VU0360172
  • VU0409551
  • allosteric modulators
  • cognition
  • gamma oscillations
  • intracellular signalling
  • metabotropic glutamate receptor
  • phencyclidine (PCP)
  • rat
  • schizophrenia

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