The impact of time on the applicability and relevance of historical economic evaluations can be considerable. Ignoring this may lead to the use of weak or invalid evidence to inform important research questions or resource allocation decisions, as historical economic evaluations may have reached different conclusions compared to if a similar study been conducted more recently. There are multiple factors that contribute towards evidence becoming outdated including changes to the relevant decision problem (e.g., comparators), changes to parameters (such as costs, utilities, and resource use) and methodological updates (e.g., recommendations on uncertainty analysis). Researchers reviewing economic evaluations need to consider whether changes over time would influence the study design and results if the evaluation were repeated, to the extent that it is no longer helpful or informative. In this paper we summarise these key issues and make recommendations about how and whether researchers can future-proof their economic evaluations.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 17 Nov 2021|