P25@CoAl layered double hydroxide heterojunction nanocomposites for CO2 photocatalytic reduction

Santosh Kumar, Mark A. Isaacs, Rima Trofimovaite, Lee Durndell, Christopher M.A. Parlett, Richard E. Douthwaite, Ben Coulson, Martin C.R. Cockett, Karen Wilson, Adam F. Lee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Artificial photosynthesis driven by inorganic photocatalysts offers a promising route to renewable solar fuels, however efficient CO2 photoreduction remains a challenge. A family of hierarchical nanocomposites, comprising P25 nanoparticles encapsulated within microporous CoAl-layered double hydroxides (CoAl-LDHs) were prepared via a one-pot hydrothermal synthesis. Heterojunction formation between the visible light absorbing CoAl-LDH and UV light absorbing P25 semiconductors extends utilisation of the solar spectrum, while the solid basicity of the CoAl-LDH increases CO2 availability at photocatalytic surfaces. Matching of the semiconductor band structures and strong donor–acceptor coupling improves photoinduced charge carrier separation and transfer via the heterojunction. Hierarchical P25@CoAl-LDH nanocomposites exhibit good activity and selectivity (>90%) for aqueous CO2 photoreduction to CO, without a sacrificial hole acceptor. This represents a facile and cost-effective strategy for the design and development of LDH-based nanomaterials for efficient photocatalysis for renewable solar fuel production from particularly CO2 and water.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)394-404
    Number of pages11
    JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2017


    • CO
    • Layered double hydroxide
    • Nanocomposite
    • Photocatalysis
    • Titania


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