Paracetamol (acetaminophen) for pain after oral surgery

P. Coulthard, E. Bailey, N. Patel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Aim: To describe the role of paracetamol (acetaminophen) in the management of pain after oral surgery. Materials and methods: A review of the literature describing the pharmacokinetics, benefits and harms of paracetamol in terms of systematic review evidence, interactions, use in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding. Results: Paracetamol inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX)-3 isoenzyme and reduces prostanoid release in the central nervous system. The analgesic effectiveness of paracetamol in the control of pain after oral surgery has been shown in a number of clinical trials with a number needed to treat for 1g paracetamol of 1.87. There are few adverse events, but at toxic doses, harm to the liver may arise and paracetamol poisoning remains the commonest cause of acute liver injury in Europe and North America. Conclusions: Paracetamol is an effective analgesic for mild to moderate pain and has an excellent safety record in adults and children. It is also one of the safest analgesics to use if needed during pregnancy and breastfeeding. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)81-86
    Number of pages5
    JournalOral Surgery
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • Oral
    • Pain
    • Surgery

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