Particle level screening of scalar forces in 1+1 dimensions

C Burrage, Benjamin Elder, P Millington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigate how nonlinear scalar field theories respond to point sources. Taking the symmetron as a specific example of such a theory, we solve the nonlinear equation of motion in one spatial dimension for (i) an isolated point source and (ii) two identical point sources with arbitrary separation. We find that the mass of a single point source can be screened by the symmetron field, provided that its mass is above a critical value. We find that two point sources behave as independent, isolated sources when the separation between them is large, but, when their separation is smaller than the symmetron’s Compton wavelength, they behave much like a single point source with the same total mass. Finally, we explore closely related behavior in a toy Higgs-Yukawa model and find indications that the maximum fermion mass that can be generated consistently via a Yukawa coupling to the Higgs in 1+1 dimensions is roughly the mass of the Higgs itself, with potentially intriguing implications for the hierarchy problem.
Original languageEnglish
Article number024045
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • General relativity
  • alternative theories of gravity
  • symmetron

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