People-Policy-Options-Scale (PPOS) Framework: Reconceptualising Green Infrastructure Planning

Ian Mell, Camila Sant'Anna, Karin Schwabe Meneguetti, Julia Rodrigues Leite

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


As Brazilian cities continue to expand they are required to employ more sustainable practices to ensure urban resilience is achieved. Green Infrastructure (GI) is being increasingly discussed as a mechanism that can deliver social, economic and ecological benefits within and across cities to meet this challenge. However, in Brazil the influence of economic and political actors through legislation and investment practices could be considered to distort the development process leading to uneven and inequitable access to amenities and public green space. Such pressures lead to economically focussed master planning, which lack an understanding of ecological systems and the role of human-environmental interactions. By reconceptualising landscape and environmental planning using a novel people-policy-options-scale (PPOS) framework we argue that investment in GI can effectively address socio-economic and ecological issues simultaneously within the politicised discussions of environmental management. Each aspect of the proposed framework is grounded in an understanding of planning and community development praxis enabling it to draw on scalar, thematic and temporal aspects to sustainable development.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlanning Cities with Nature
Subtitle of host publicationTheories, Strategies and Methods
EditorsFabiano Lemes de Oliveria, Ian Mell
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-01866-5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


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