Performance assessment of semiempirical molecular orbital methods in describing halogen bonding: Quantum mechanical and quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical-molecular dynamics study

Mahmoud Ibrahim, Mahmoud A A Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The performance of semiempirical molecular-orbital methods-MNDO, MNDO-d, AM1, RM1, PM3 and PM6-in describing halogen bonding was evaluated, and the results were compared with molecular mechanical (MM) and quantum mechanical (QM) data. Three types of performance were assessed: (1) geometrical optimizations and binding energy calculations for 27 halogen-containing molecules complexed with various Lewis bases (Two of the tested methods, AM1 and RM1, gave results that agree with the QM data.); (2) charge distribution calculations for halobenzene molecules, determined by calculating the solvation free energies of the molecules relative to benzene in explicit and implicit generalized Born (GB) solvents (None of the methods gave results that agree with the experimental data.); and (3) appropriateness of the semiempirical methods in the hybrid quantum-mechanical/molecular-mechanical (QM/MM) scheme, investigated by studying the molecular inhibition of CK2 protein by eight halobenzimidazole and -benzotriazole derivatives using hybrid QM/MM molecular-dynamics (MD) simulations with the inhibitor described at the QM level by the AM1 method and the rest of the system described at the MM level. The pure MM approach with inclusion of an extra point of positive charge on the halogen atom approach gave better results than the hybrid QM/MM approach involving the AM1 method. Also, in comparison with the pure MM-GBSA (generalized Born surface area) binding energies and experimental data, the calculated QM/MM-GBSA binding energies of the inhibitors were improved by replacing the G GB,QM/MM solvation term with the corresponding G GB,MM term. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2549-2559
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2011

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