PH-0652: Standardization influences repeatability and prognostic value of radiomic features

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Purpose or Objective: Radiomic features have shown potential as prognostic biomarkers for personalizing radiotherapy treatment. However, standardization issues hinder clinical translation. The image biomarker standardization initiative (IBSI) makes recommendations to address these issues. In this work we assessed the benefit of IBSI compliance for radiomic feature calculation packages in lung and head and neck (H&N) cancer datasets. The impact of package choice on predicting survival for patients with H&N cancer was also investigated. Material(s) and Method(s): Four widely used radiomics software packages were evaluated: LIFEx, PyRadiomics and CERR (all of which are IBSI compliant) and IBEX (not IBSI-compliant). 17 radiomic features common to all packages were calculated on the planning CT scan for the GTV of small cell lung cancer (N=37) and H&N cancer (N=111) patients treated with radiotherapy (Table 1). Agreement between features across packages was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The ICC and confidence intervals (CI) were stratified to indicate poor (ICC CI < 0.5), moderate (0.5 < ICC CI < 0.75), good (0.75 < ICC CI < 0.9) and excellent (ICC CI > 0.9) agreement. The agreement between features using default package parameters versus setting the same parameters (64 grey levels, Chebyshev distance 1) for the IBSI-compliant packages was also assessed. The impact of different packages on the prognostic value of the 17 radiomic features was investigated by comparing univariable cox models predicting survival for patients with H&N cancer. The Benjamini-Hochberg method was applied. Result(s): The agreement of features between all four packages was only excellent for volume, and the maximum and mean intensity in both datasets (Table 1). Stratification of agreement was consistent across H&N and lung cancer for 10/17 features. Where disagreement occurred the agreement tended to be worse in the H&N dataset. When comparing IBSI-compliant packages only, the agreement was improved only when the same parameters were used per package. A calculation error for sphericity was identified in one package which is in the process of being corrected by the vendor following these results. [Table Presented] 6 texture features were significant (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S362-S363
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


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