PHANGS-JWST First Results: Duration of the early phase of massive star formation in NGC 628

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The earliest stages of star formation, when young stars are still deeply embedded in their natal clouds, represent a critical phase in the matter cycle between gas clouds and young stellar regions. Until now, the high-resolution infrared observations required for characterizing this heavily obscured phase (during which massive stars have formed, but optical emission is not detected) could only be obtained for a handful of the most nearby galaxies. One of the main hurdles has been the limited angular resolution of the Spitzer Space Telescope. With the revolutionary capabilities of the JWST, it is now possible to investigate the matter cycle during the earliest phases of star formation as a function of the galactic environment. In this Letter, we demonstrate this by measuring the duration of the embedded phase of star formation and the implied time over which molecular clouds remain inert in the galaxy NGC628 at a distance of 9.8Mpc, demonstrating that the cosmic volume where this measurement can be made has increased by a factor of >100 compared to Spitzer. We show that young massive stars remain embedded for 5.1+2.7−1.4Myr (2.3+2.7−1.4Myr of which being heavily obscured), representing ∼20% of the total cloud lifetime. These values are in broad agreement with previous measurements in five nearby (D
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal Letters
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 5 Dec 2022


  • Galaxies (573)
  • Star formation (1569)
  • Molecular clouds (1072)
  • Interstellar medium (847)


Dive into the research topics of 'PHANGS-JWST First Results: Duration of the early phase of massive star formation in NGC 628'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this