Phosphor thermometry in gas turbines: Consideration factors

Hossein Zare-Behtash, A. H. Khalid, K. Kontis, H. Z. Behtash

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    There is an increasing demand for turbine engines with improved performance and efficiency. Gas turbine efficiencies can be increased if higher turbine inlet temperatures are achieved. However, the optimum temperature is prescribed by the balance between the benefits of thermal efficiency and material life. Accurate thermal maps can allow engines to operate closer to their design limit, and greatly facilitate the design of improved engines. This article provides a review highlighting the advantages and rationale of using phosphor thermometry over existing temperature measurement techniques, such as thermocouple and pyrometry. Although phosphor thermometry exhibits excellent characteristics to make accurate measurements, the high temperature and fast rotating engine environment presents some challenges with interrelated issues that would need to be collectively considered before a successful measurement system can be implemented. Examples include extreme blackbody radiation, restricted optical access and time to collect data, etc. These factors will impose temperature limits and greatly influence the design philosophy of the measurement system, including phosphor choice, bonding technique, excitation/detection methodologies, and probe design. This article aims to provide an overview of these consideration factors, with supplementary design notes and guidance to aid engineers design and develop successful phosphor thermometry measurement systems for such environments. © 2010 Authors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)745-755
    Number of pages10
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


    • consideration factors
    • design
    • engine
    • phosphor
    • rotating
    • thermometry
    • turbines


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