Photocatalytic biomass reforming: what role will the technology play in future energy systems

Nathan Skillen, Helen Daly, Lan Lan, Meshal Aljohani, Christopher W. J. Murnaghan, Xiaolei Fan, Chris Hardacre, Gary N. Sheldrake, Peter Kenneth John Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Photocatalytic biomass reforming has emerged as an area of significant interest within the last decade. The number of papers published in the literature has been steadily increasing with keywords such as ‘hydrogen’ and ‘visible’ becoming prominent research topics. There are likely two primary drivers behind this, the first of which is biomass represents a more sustainable photocatalytic feedstock for reforming to value-added products and energy. The second is the transition towards achieving net zero emission targets, which has increased focus on the development of technologies that could play a role in future energy systems. Therefore, this review provides a perspective on not only the current state of the art of research but also a future outlook on the potential roadmap for photocatalysis biomass reforming. Producing energy via photocatalytic biomass reforming is very desirable due to the ambient operating conditions and potential to utilise renewable energy (e.g. solar) with a wide variety of biomass resources. As both interest and development within this field continues to grow, however, there are challenges being identified that are paramount to further advancement. In reviewing both the literature and trajectory of the field, research priorities can be identified and utilised to facilitate fundamental research alongside whole systems evaluation. Moreover, this would underpin the enhancement of photocatalytic technology with a view towards improving the Technology Readiness Level and promoting engagement between academic and industry.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTopics in Current Chemistry
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 May 2022


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