Physical characteristics of an enclosed afferent reservoir breathing system

A. D. Jennings, B. C. Michell, P. C W Beatty, G. Meakin, T. E J Healy

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    We have assessed the characteristics of the Ohmeda Enclosed Afferent Reservoir Breathing System (EAR) using simulated spontaneous ventilation and controlled ventilation. The additional work of breathing through the system was measured and shown to be comparable to that of a modified Mapleson D breathing system (Bain) for fresh gas flows producing similar end-tidal carbon dioxide concentrations. It was shown under conditions of simulated controlled ventilation that end-tidal gas concentration was relatively insensitive to variations in inspired to expired ratio (I:E), tidal volume (VT) and deadspace (VD). Measurement of the volume of carbon dioxide rebreathed using simulated spontaneous ventilation led to the prediction that rebreathing of carbon dioxide would begin to occur in the EAR when fresh gas flow to total ventilation ratio (V̇F:V̇E) was approximately 0.87. However. comparison of the results of model lung tests and clinical data suggests that great caution should be taken in extrapolating such results into clinical advice.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)625-629
    Number of pages4
    JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1992


    • Breathing systems
    • EAR system


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