Pinning-induced formation of vortex clusters and giant vortices in mesoscopic superconducting disks

I. V. Grigorieva, W. Escoffier, V. R. Misko, B. J. Baelus, F. M. Peeters, L. Y. Vinnikov, S. V. Dubonos

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    Abstract

    Merged, or giant, multiquanta vortices (GVs) are known to appear in very small superconductors near the superconducting transition due to strong confinement of magnetic flux. Here we present evidence for a new, pinning-related, mechanism for vortex merger. Using Bitter decoration to visualize vortices in small Nb disks with varying degrees of disorder, we show that confinement in combination with strong disorder causes individual vortices to merge into clusters or even GVs well below Tc and Hc2, in contrast to well-defined shells of individual vortices found in the absence of pinning. © 2007 The American Physical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number147003
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume99
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2007

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