Plagiarism in the context of education and evolving detection strategies

Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Bekaidar Nurmashev, Bakhytzhan Seksenbayev, Vladimir I. Trukhachev, Elena I. Kostyukova, George D. Kitas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Plagiarism may take place in any scientific journals despite currently employed antiplagiarism tools. The absence of widely acceptable definitions of research misconduct and reliance solely on similarity checks do not allow journal editors to prevent most complex cases of recycling of scientific information and wasteful, or 'predatory,' publishing. This article analyses Scopus-based publication activity and evidence on poor writing, lack of related training, emerging anti-plagiarism strategies, and new forms of massive wasting of resources by publishing largely recycled items, which evade the 'red flags' of similarity checks. In some non-Anglophone countries 'copy-and-paste' writing still plagues pre- and postgraduate education. Poor research management, absence of courses on publication ethics, and limited access to quality sources confound plagiarism as a cross-cultural and multidisciplinary phenomenon. Over the past decade, the advent of anti-plagiarism software checks has helped uncover elementary forms of textual recycling across journals. But such a tool alone proves inefficient for preventing complex forms of plagiarism. Recent mass retractions of plagiarized articles by reputable open-access journals point to critical deficiencies of current anti-plagiarism software that do not recognize manipulative paraphrasing and editing. Manipulative editing also finds its way to predatory journals, ignoring the adherence to publication ethics and accommodating nonsense plagiarized items. The evolving preventive strategies are increasingly relying on intelligent (semantic) digital technologies, comprehensively evaluating texts, keywords, graphics, and reference lists. It is the right time to enforce adherence to global editorial guidance and implement a comprehensive anti-plagiarism strategy by helping all stakeholders of scholarly communication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1220-1227
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Issue number8
Early online date15 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


  • Information retrieval
  • Plagiarism
  • Publication ethics
  • Research activity
  • Research and development
  • Retraction of publication as topic
  • Similarity detection


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