Plasma electrolytic oxidation of titanium in a phosphate/silicate electrolyte and tribological performance of the coatings

Sepideh Aliasghari, P. Skeldon, George Thompson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Plasma electrolytic oxidation of titanium has been investigated using a phosphate/silicate electrolyte with a square waveform and a frequency of 50 Hz. A range of constant rms current densities, duty cycles and negative-to-positive current ratios was employed. The resultant coatings were examined by analytical scanning and transmission electron microscopies and X-ray diffraction. The coatings, which were limited in thickness to ~40 to 50 μm, contained anatase, rutile, Ti3O5 and silicon-rich, amorphous material. The tribological behaviour was investigated using a ball-on-disc test, revealing a coefficient of friction against steel of ~0.8, which reduced to ~0.4 by incorporation of ptfe particles from the electrolyte. However, due to the composition and morphology of the coatings, their wear life is relatively
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberS0169-4332(14)01771-1
    Pages (from-to)463-476
    Number of pages15
    JournalApplied Surface Science
    Volume316
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2014

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