Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is largely resistant to standard treatments leading to poor patient survival. The expression of plasma membrane calcium ATPase-4 (PMCA4) is reported to modulate key cancer hallmarks including cell migration, growth, and apoptotic resistance. Data-mining revealed that PMCA4 was over-expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tumors which correlated with poor patient survival. Western blot and RT-qPCR revealed that MIA PaCa-2 cells almost exclusively express PMCA4 making these a suitable cellular model of PDAC with poor patient survival. Knockdown of PMCA4 in MIA PaCa-2 cells (using siRNA) reduced cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) clearance, cell migration, and sensitized cells to apoptosis, without affecting cell growth. Knocking down PMCA4 had minimal effects on numerous metabolic parameters (as assessed using the Seahorse XF analyzer). In summary, this study provides the first evidence that PMCA4 is over-expressed in PDAC and plays a role in cell migration and apoptotic resistance in MIA PaCa-2 cells. This suggests that PMCA4 may offer an attractive novel therapeutic target in PDAC.
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Manchester Cancer Research Centre