Point torque representations of ciliary flows

Siluvai Antony Selvan Antony Ravichandran, Peter W. Duck, Draga Pihler-Puzovic, Douglas R. Brumley

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Ciliary flows are generated by a vast array of eukaryotic organisms, from unicellular algae to mammals, and occur in a range of different geometrical configurations. We employ a point torque – or ‘rotlet’ – model to capture the time-averaged ciliary flow above a planar rigid wall. We demonstrate the advantages (i.e. accuracy and computational efficiency) of using this, arguably simpler approach compared to other singularity-based models in Stokes flows. Then, in order to model ciliary flows in confined spaces, we extend the point torque solution to a bounded domain between two plane parallel no-slip walls. The flow field is resolved using the method of images and Fourier transforms,
and we analyze the role of confinement by comparing the resultant fluid velocity to that of a rotlet near a single wall. Our results suggest that the flow field of a single cilium is not changed significantly by the confinement, even when the distance between the walls is commensurate with the cilium’s
Original languageEnglish
Article number123103
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2023


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