POLED displays: Robust printing of pixels

Pallav Kant, Andrew Hazel, Mark Dowling, Alice Thompson, Anne Juel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The fabrication of a high-quality POLED (Polymeric Organic Light Emitting Diode) display requires the deposition of identical, uniform fluid films into a large number of shallow recessed regions that form a regular array of pixels on a display backplane. We determine the protocols required to achieve continuous liquid coverage of the entire pixel area for the case where equally-spaced fluid droplets are sequentially printed along a straight line within a stadium-shaped pixel, and explore how these protocols depend on the wetting properties of the pixel surface. Our investigation uses a combination of experiments and numerical modelling, based on the assumption of fluid redistribution via capillary spreading according to a Cox-Voinov law. We show that the model is able to predict quantitatively the evolution of the liquid deposited in a pixel and provides a computationally inexpensive design tool to determine efficient printing strategies that account for uncertainties arising from imperfect substrate preparation or printhead dysfunction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Early online date14 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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