Political meddling in social assistance programme: Panel data evidence from India

Vidhya Unnikrishnan, Subhasish Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the role of the horizontal and vertical network in aiding eligible individuals to receive Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme. A vertical network refers to a household's political connection, and a horizontal network denotes the interconnectedness with others in the society. We have used data from all India representative individual level (2004–2005 and 2011–2012) panel data released by the India Human Development Survey. Our estimated results from the individual level fixed effects model suggest that programme eligible individuals with vertical networks have a higher probability of receiving the programme. Sub-sample heterogeneities are detailed in the paper.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of International Development
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • elite, horizontal network, IGNOAPS, political network


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