Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene are associated with Behcet's disease.

J Karasneh, A Hajeer, A J Silman, J Worthington, WER Ollier, A. Gul

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    OBJECTIVE: Reduced plasma nitric oxide (NO) levels in Behçet's disease (BD) patients have been implicated in the development of the endothelial abnormalities and thrombotic complications occurring in these patients. This study investigated the association of the endothelial NO Synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms with BD. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out using 193 unrelated Turkish BD patients and 106 healthy controls. All individuals were genotyped by PCR for two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): -786 T-->C in the promoter region and 894 G-->T in exon 7 (Glu298Asp). A variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism in intron 4 was also investigated. RESULTS: The VNTR polymorphism was associated with BD, detected by an increased frequency of the b allele (odds ratio = 1.9, P = 0.0069) and b/b genotype (odds ratio = 2.2, P = 0.002) in patients. After the stratification of cases according to the family history, a significant difference between familial cases and controls in the -786 SNP was observed, with an increase in the frequency of the T allele (odds ratio = 2.5, P = 0.0016) and T/T genotype (odds ratio = 2.5, P = 0.0085), and the association of the VNTR polymorphism with BD became stronger. The -786*T and VNTR*b alleles were in linkage disequilibrium (D' = 0.65, P
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRheumatology (Oxford)
    Volume44( 5)
    Publication statusPublished - May 2005


    • genetics: Behcet Syndrome
    • Case-Control Studies
    • Female
    • Gene Frequency
    • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
    • Genotype
    • Haplotypes
    • Humans
    • Linkage Disequilibrium
    • Male
    • genetics: Nitric-Oxide Synthase
    • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
    • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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