Pore-scale simulation of multiphase flow and reactive transport processes involved in geologic carbon sequestration

Wendong Wang, Qiuheng Xie, Senyou An, Sahar Bakhshian, Qinjun Kang, Han Wang, Xinyue Xu, Yuliang Su, Jianchao Cai, Bin Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multiphase flow and reactive transport are two essential physicochemical processes that govern the effectiveness of geological carbon sequestration (GCS). The interaction and feedback among different phases and components during intricate physicochemical processes hold great significance in understanding CO 2 sequestration. Pore-scale simulations can account for multiphase flow and reactive transport processes in porous media and obtain spatial distributions of parameters (density, velocity, concentration, etc.) in the pore space as well as their temporal evolutions. This proves especially valuable considering that experiments can be hindered by constraints in spatial and temporal resolution. The comprehensive insights garnered from pore-scale research can be leveraged for continuum modeling using the representative elementary volume (REV) concept. In this contribution, four sequential mechanisms of CO 2-brine-rock interaction in three zones delineated by CO 2 saturation are elaborated to elucidate complicated physicochemical processes involved in GCS, which are followed by general descriptions of mathematical equations and pore-scale numerical methods. In addition, as interested and commonly encountered processes, leakage risks during GCS and CO 2-enhanced oil recovery (CO 2-EOR) processes are presented. The existing challenges and future directions are discussed for both the performance of the pore-scale models and the current gaps in the field of GCS. We expect that this review will prove beneficial for researchers interested in pore-scale simulations, GCS, and related disciplines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104602
JournalEarth-Science Reviews
Early online date24 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023


  • Geological carbon sequestration
  • Multiphase flow
  • Pore-scale simulation
  • Reactive transport


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