Practical and Selective sp3 C–H Bond Chlorination via Aminium Radicals

Alastair Mcmillan, Martyna Sieńkowska, Piero Di Lorenzo, Gemma Gransbury, Nicholas Chilton, Michela Salamone, Alessandro Ruffoni, Massimo Bietti, Daniele Leonori

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The introduction of chlorine atoms into organic molecules is fundamental to the manufacture of industrial chemicals, the elaboration of advanced synthetic intermediates and also the finetuning of physicochemical and biological properties of drugs, agrochemicals and polymers. We report here a general and practical photochemical strategy enabling the site-selective chlorination of sp3 C–H bonds. This process exploits the ability of protonated Nchloroamines to serve as aminium radical precursors and also radical chlorinating agents. Upon photochemical initiation, an efficient
radical-chain propagation is established allowing the functionalization of a broad range of substrates due to the large number of compatible
functionalities. The ability to synergistically maximize both polar and steric effects in the H-atom transfer transition state through appropriate selection of the aminium radical has provided the highest known selectivity in radical sp3 C–H chlorination.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7132-7139
Number of pages8
JournalAngewandte Chemie. International Edition
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2021


  • C−H functionalization
  • H-atom transfer
  • aminium radical
  • chlorination
  • late-stage functionalization


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