Preconditioning with interleukin-1 alpha is required for the neuroprotective properties of mesenchymal stem cells after ischaemic stroke in mice

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Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) pre-conditioning with interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1ɑ) drives MSCs toward a potent anti-inflammatory phenotype. The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic potential of intra-arterially administered IL-1ɑ preconditioned MSCs, after experimental cerebral ischaemia in mice. After 3 h from the start of middle cerebral artery occlusion, animals were treated with vehicle, 9.1 × 104 non-conditioned or IL-1ɑ preconditioned MSCs by intra-arterial administration. Animals were allowed to recover for 1.5 h after treatment to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF), and 3 days or 14 days post-stroke to evaluate lesion volume and functional outcomes. At 3-days post-stroke preconditioned MSCs reduced (by 67%) lesion volume and increased CBF (by 32%) compared to vehicle, while non-conditioned MSCs had no effect. A separate cohort of animals recovered to 14 days post-stroke also showed reduced infarct volume (by 51%) at 48 h (assessed by MRI) and better functional recovery at 14 days when treated with preconditioned MSCs when compared to vehicle. Preconditioning MSCs with IL-1α increases their neuroprotective capability and improves functional recovery after delayed intra-arterial administration. With increasing use of thrombectomy, the adjunct use of preconditioned MSCs therefore represents a highly relevant therapy to improve outcomes in ischaemic stroke.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Early online date21 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Stroke
  • mesenchymal
  • pre-clinical
  • therapy
  • translation

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