Predicting crystal growth via a unified kinetic three-dimensional partition model

Michael Anderson, James T. Gebbie-Rayet, Adam Hill, Nani Farida, Martin Attfield, Pablo Cubillas Gonzales, Vladislav A. Blatov, Davide M. Proserpio, Duncan Akporiaye, Bjornar Arstad, Julian D. Gale

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    Abstract

    Understanding and predicting crystal growth is fundamental to the control of functionality in modern materials. Despite investigations for more than one hundred years1–5, it is only recently that the molecular intricacies of these processes have been revealed by scanning probe microscopy6–8. To organize and understand this large amount of new information, new rules for crystal growth need to be developed and tested. However, because of the complexity and variety of different crystal systems, attempts to understand crystal growth in detail have so far relied on developing models that are usually applicable to only one system9–11. Such models cannot be used to achieve the wide scope of understanding that is required to create a unified model across crystal types and crystal structures. Here we describe a general approach to understanding and, in
    theory, predicting the growth of a wide range of crystal types, including the incorporation of defect structures, by simultaneous molecular-scale simulation of crystal habit and surface topology using a unified kinetic three-dimensional partition model. This entails dividing the structure into ‘natural tiles’ or Voronoi
    polyhedra that are metastable and, consequently, temporally persistent. As such, these units are then suitable for re-construction of the crystal via a Monte Carlo algorithm. We demonstrate our approach by predicting the crystal growth of a diverse set of crystal types, including zeolites, metal–organic frameworks, calcite, urea and l-cystine.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)456-459
    JournalNature
    Volume544
    Early online date3 Apr 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2017

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    • Materials Chemistry Division Horizon Prize: Stephanie L Kwolek Award

      Anderson, Michael (Recipient), Al Harthi, Zulaikha (Recipient), Attfield, Martin (Recipient), Cubillas Gonzales, Pablo (Recipient), De Bruyn, Nathan (Recipient), Farida, Nani (Recipient), Hill, Adam (Recipient), Pooley, Rachel (Recipient) & Trueman, Mollie (Recipient), Nov 2021

      Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

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