Predicting prostate cancer treatment choices: The role of numeracy, time discounting, and risk attitudes

Belén López-Pérez, Andrew Barnes, Dominick L. Frosch, Yaniv Hanoch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among males in the United States, and there is lack of consensus as to whether active surveillance or radical prostatectomy is the best course of treatment. In this study, we examined the role of numeracy, time discounting, and risk taking on decision-making about prostate cancer treatment - in 279 men over age 50 without a prior prostate cancer diagnosis. Results showed that active surveillance was the most chosen option and its preference was predicted by numeracy and time discounting. However, radical prostatectomy was significantly predicted by participants' propensity to take risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)788-797
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Keywords

  • numeracy
  • prostate cancer
  • risk taking
  • time discounting
  • treatment decision-making

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