Predicting the differential susceptibility of dermal extracellular matrix proteins to photodegradation by solar-simulated radiation

Sarah Thurstan, Neil K Gibbs, C. Baldock, A.S. Weiss, CEM Griffiths, Rachel EB Watson, Michael J Sherratt

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Bioscience, University Sydney, AUPhotoaged skin is characterised by profound remodelling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We have previously shown that UV chromophore (Cys, His, Phe, Trp and Tyr)-rich proteins are differentially degraded by UV radiation (UVR). We tested the hypothesises that; (i) UV-mediated ECM degradation occurs via reactive oxygen species (ROS), by exposing chromophore-rich fibronectin and chromophore-poor tropoelastin to UVR in depleted-O2 and D2O environments and (ii) exogenous ROS mediates differential degradation of the same proteins. As the photodynamic production of ROS can be inhibited in depleted-O2 environments we exposed purified fibronectin to a broadband UVB (TL-12: 50 and 500mJ/cm2) in ambient and depleted-O2 conditions by bubbling with N2. Solutions were analysed by reducing SDS-PAGE. Irradiation of fibronectin in ambient-O2 (50 and 500mJ/cm2) caused dose-dependent aggregation (5 and 83 fold changes in the optical density (OD) of the aggregate at 50 and 500mJ/cm2 respectively), fibronectin aggregation was abrogated (68 fold lower OD) in the depleted-O2 compared with ambient-O2. Conversely, fibronectin aggregation was increased 4 fold in D2O compared with H2O environments. UV-mediated changes to the molecular weight (Mw) of fibronectin were recapitulated by exposure to H2O2 (40mM for 2 hrs). In contrast, UVB irradiation in both H2O and D2O had no observable effect on the Mw of tropoelastin. Therefore, ROS may play an important role in the selective degradation of long-lived UV chromophore-rich ECM in both UV-exposed and protected ageing tissues. Research supported by Alliance Boots.
Original languageEnglish
Pagese22-e22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2012
EventMeeting of the British Society for Investigative Dermatology - Exeter, ENGLAND
Duration: 16 Apr 201218 Apr 2012

Conference

ConferenceMeeting of the British Society for Investigative Dermatology
CityExeter, ENGLAND
Period16/04/1218/04/12

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